Gingivitis, commonly known as gum disease, is a common oral health problem that affects a significant proportion of the population worldwide. It is a mild form of periodontal disease, which can lead to more severe complications if left untreated.
Visit the Best Dentist in Karachi to prevent your disease before it gets complicated.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
Gingivitis is caused by the accumulation of plaque on the teeth, which contains bacteria that can cause inflammation of the gums. Plaque is a sticky, colorless film that forms on the teeth, and it can harden into tartar if not removed by brushing and flossing. The bacteria in plaque can produce toxins that irritate the gums, leading to swelling, redness, and bleeding.
The early signs of gingivitis include bleeding gums, especially when brushing or flossing, swollen or tender gums, bad breath, and receding gums. These symptoms are usually mild and may not be immediately noticeable, which is why many people are unaware that they have gingivitis until it progresses to a more advanced stage.
If it persists without treatment, gingivitis can deteriorate into periodontitis, a more severe form of gum disease that can cause irreversible damage to the gums and teeth. Periodontitis can cause the gums to recede further, leading to tooth loss, and it can also cause the bones that support the teeth to break down, making the teeth loose and unstable.
Fortunately, gingivitis is reversible and can be treated with good oral hygiene practices. Brushing your teeth twice a day, flossing daily, and using an antiseptic mouthwash can help remove plaque and prevent gum disease. Regular dental check-ups and cleanings are also essential, as your dentist can detect and treat gingivitis before it progresses to a more advanced stage.
In addition to good oral hygiene practices, there are several other ways to prevent gingivitis. A healthy diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains can help promote healthy teeth and gums. Avoiding sugary and starchy foods can also help prevent the growth of bacteria that can cause gum disease.
It is also essential to quit smoking if you smoke, as smoking can increase the risk of gum disease and make it more difficult to treat. Studies have shown that smoking can interfere with the immune system and increase the production of bacteria that can cause gum disease.
If you have gingivitis, your dentist may recommend a deep cleaning procedure called scaling and root planing. Scaling involves removing plaque and tartar from the teeth and gums, while root planing involves smoothing the surfaces of the teeth roots to prevent bacteria from adhering to them. In some cases, antibiotics may also be prescribed to help fight the infection.